What Is Vincristine Used For?

If you have certain types of acute leukemia, you may receive vincristine, a chemotherapy drug used to help slow down the progression of the disease. Vincristine is approved for use in adults and children, and can be used in combination with other chemotherapy drugs to treat other types of cancer. Some off-label uses include treating Kaposi's sarcoma, chronic leukemia, and a number of other conditions.


An Overview of Uses for Vincristine

Vincristine sulfate (Vincasar PFS®) is a prescription chemotherapy medication approved to treat acute leukemia, a rapidly progressing cancer of the white blood cells. It is also approved for the treatment of several other types of cancer when used in combination with other anticancer medications.

Vincristine Use for Acute Leukemia

Leukemia occurs when the bone marrow (the spongy center of most bones) produces abnormal blood cells. These abnormal blood cells crowd out normal, healthy blood cells, which can cause serious problems, such as infections, bleeding, and anemia.
There are many different types of leukemia. The most common types are termed either acute or chronic based on how quickly the cancer progresses. Acute leukemia progresses rapidly without treatment, while chronic leukemia progresses slowly.
Acute leukemia can be further divided into two types based on the type of white blood cell involved. Acute lymphocytic leukemia affects lymphoid cells, while acute myelogenous leukemia affects myeloid cells. Vincristine is used to treat any type of acute leukemia in adults and children.
(Click Types of Leukemia to learn more.)
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Vincristine Drug Information

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