Leukemia Home > Cytoxan Side Effects
Diarrhea, mouth sores, and hair loss are among the side effects seen with Cytoxan. Problems that are potentially serious can include difficulty breathing or water retention, decreased urination, and blood in the urine. You should report these or any other serious side effects to your healthcare provider immediately.
As with any medicine, side effects are possible with Cytoxan® (cyclophosphamide); however, not everyone who takes the medication will experience side effects. In fact, some people tolerate it quite well. If side effects do occur, in some cases, they are minor and either require no treatment or can easily be treated by you or your healthcare provider.
(This article covers many, but not all, of the possible side effects with Cytoxan. Your healthcare provider can discuss a more complete list of Cytoxan side effects with you.)
Cytoxan has been studied thoroughly in clinical trials. In these studies, the side effects that occur in a group of people taking the drug are documented and are then compared to side effects that occur in another group of people not taking the drug. This way, it is possible to see what side effects occur, how often they appear, and how they compare to the group not taking the medicine.
Some possible side effects of Cytoxan include:
- Nausea and vomiting (see Chemotherapy and Nausea)
- Loss of appetite
- Diarrhea (see Chemotherapy-Induced Diarrhea)
- Mouth sores (see Mouth and Gum Problems During Chemotherapy)
- Infertility, in both men and women (which may be irreversible)
- Low levels of white blood cells or platelets (see Blood Clotting Problems and Chemotherapy)
- Nail or skin discoloration or darkening
- Hair loss (see Cytoxan and Hair Loss)
- Temporary menstrual changes (such as missed periods).