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Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment Involving Biological Therapy
Biological therapy is a chronic myelogenous leukemia treatment that uses the patient's immune system to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or made in a laboratory are used to boost, direct, or restore the body's natural defenses against cancer. Biological therapy is also called biotherapy or immunotherapy.
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment: High-Dose Chemotherapy With Stem Cell Transplant
High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant is a method of giving high doses of chemotherapy and replacing blood-forming cells destroyed by the cancer treatment. In stem cell transplantation, stem cells (immature blood cells) are removed from the blood or bone marrow of the patient or a donor and are frozen and stored. After the chemotherapy is completed, the stored stem cells are thawed and given back to the patient through an infusion. These re-infused stem cells grow into (and restore) the body's blood cells.
Donor Lymphocyte Infusion (DLI) as Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment
Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is a chronic myelogenous leukemia treatment that may be used after a stem cell transplant. Lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) from the stem cell transplant donor are removed from the donor's blood and may be frozen for storage. The donor's lymphocytes are thawed if they were frozen and then given to the patient through one or more infusions. The lymphocytes will attack the patient's cancer cells because they see that they do not belong to the patient's body.
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment With Surgery
Surgery for chronic myelogenous leukemia entails a splenectomy, which is surgery to remove the spleen.
(Click CML Treatment by Stage for more information about chronic myelogenous leukemia treatment options by stage.)