Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disease that can strike in both childhood and adulthood, causing approximately 10,600 new cases a year. It begins when stem cells develop into abnormal myeloblasts and build up in the blood and bone marrow. As a result, infection, easy bruising and bleeding, and anemia may be possible symptoms.
Childhood acute myeloid leukemia is further categorized based on how mature the cancer cells are at the time of diagnosis and the type of blood cell that is affected, among other things. Treatment typically involves chemotherapy, radiation therapy, a stem cell transplant, or a combination of these methods. Various factors affect a child's prognosis, including the initial response to treatment.
(Click Childhood AML for a detailed look at possible risk factors, other symptoms, tests used to make a diagnosis, and more.)