Leukemia Cells

Understanding Lymphoid Leukemia Cells

In the case of lymphoid leukemia cells, too many stem cells develop into either abnormal lymphoblasts or lymphocytes. Lymphoblastic or lymphocytic leukemia cells are not able to fight infection very well, and as the number of lymphocytes increases in the blood and bone marrow, there is less room for healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. This may cause infection, anemia, and easy bleeding.
Three types of lymphocytes may become abnormal in people with leukemia:
  • B lymphocytes that make antibodies to help fight infection
  • T lymphocytes that help B lymphocytes make the antibodies that help fight infection
  • Natural killer cells that attack cancer cells and viruses.

Understanding Myeloid Leukemia Cells

In the case of myeloid leukemia cells, the stem cells can develop into abnormal myeloblasts or granulocytes. Similar to lymphoid leukemia cells, myeloid leukemia cells are unable to do their usual work and can build up in the bone marrow and blood so there is less room for healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets. When this happens, infection, anemia, or easy bleeding may occur.
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Leukemia Information

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