Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Current Treatment Options

Chronic myelogenous leukemia can often be treated with:
  • Chemotherapy
  • Other drug therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant
  • Donor lymphocyte infusion
  • Surgery.
(Click Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment for more information.)

The Prognosis for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

The prognosis and treatment options for chronic myelogenous leukemia will depend on the:
  • Person's age
  • Phase of CML
  • Amount of blasts in the blood or bone marrow
  • Size of the spleen at diagnosis
  • Person's general health.

Important Points to Remember

Key information about chronic myelogenous leukemia includes the following:
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a disease in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells.
  • Possible signs of CML include tiredness, night sweats, and fever.
  • Most people with chronic myelogenous leukemia have a genetic mutation called the Philadelphia chromosome.
  • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect and diagnose chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • Factors that can affect a person's prognosis and treatment include things such as age, the phase of the leukemia, and the amount of blasts in the blood or bone marrow.
  • The American Cancer Society estimated that 2,550 men and 1,950 women would be diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia in 2006.
(Click CML Statistics for more information.)
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