Chronic Leukemia

Immunophenotyping is a test in which the cells in a sample of blood or bone marrow are examined under a microscope to find out if malignant lymphocytes (cancer) originated from the B lymphocytes or the T lymphocytes.
Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy
A bone marrow aspiration and biopsy involves the removal of a small piece of bone and bone marrow by inserting a needle into the hipbone or breastbone. A pathologist will then view both the bone and bone marrow samples under a microscope to look for abnormal cells.

Treatment and Prognosis

Chronic leukemia treatment options will depend on factors such as:
  • The chronic leukemia stage
  • Red blood cell, white blood cell, and platelet blood counts
  • Whether there are chronic leukemia symptoms, such as fever, chills, or weight loss
  • Whether the liver, spleen, or lymph nodes are larger than normal
  • The response to initial chronic leukemia treatment
  • Whether the chronic leukemia has recurred (come back).
Choosing the most appropriate treatment for chronic leukemia is a decision that ideally involves the patient, the family, and the healthcare team.
You can learn more about the specific treatments and prognosis for chronic leukemia by going to the eMedTV article Chronic Leukemia Treatment or learn about each type of chronic leukemia treatment by going to:
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Chronic Leukemia Info

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