Chronic Leukemia

Symptoms of Chronic Leukemia

Like all blood cells, leukemia cells travel through the body. Depending on the number of abnormal cells and where these cells collect, patients with chronic leukemia may have a number of chronic leukemia symptoms.
(Click Symptoms of Chronic Leukemia for more information about symptoms of CML and CLL.)

Making a Diagnosis

Tests that examine the blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes are used to detect and diagnose chronic leukemia.
Tests and procedures that may be used to diagnose chronic leukemia include:
  • Physical exam and history
  • Complete blood count
  • Cytogenetic analysis
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
Physical Exam and History
A physical exam entails an exam of the body to check general signs of health, including checking for signs of disease, such as lumps or anything else that seems unusual. A history of the patient's health habits and past illnesses and treatments will also be taken.
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
A complete blood count is a procedure in which a sample of blood is drawn and checked for:
  • The number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets
  • The amount of hemoglobin (the protein that carries oxygen) in the red blood cells
  • The portion of the blood sample made up of red blood cells.
Cytogenetic Analysis
A cytogenetic analysis is a test in which cells in a sample of blood or bone marrow are viewed under a microscope to look for changes in the structure or number of chromosomes in the lymphocytes.
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Chronic Leukemia Info

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