Adult AML Treatment
Adult AML Treatment Options
There are four types of standard adult AML treatment options that can be used to treat AML. These options include:
- Radiation therapy
- Stem cell transplantation
- Other drug therapies.
Chemotherapy for Adult AML Treatment
Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping the cells from dividing. When chemotherapy is taken by mouth or injected into a vein or muscle, the drugs enter the bloodstream and can reach cancer cells throughout the body (this is called systemic chemotherapy). When chemotherapy is placed directly into the spinal column (intrathecal chemotherapy), an organ, or a body cavity such as the abdomen, the drugs mainly affect cancer cells in those areas (this is called regional chemotherapy). Intrathecal chemotherapy may be used to treat adult AML that has spread, or may spread, to the brain and spinal cord. Combination chemotherapy is treatment that uses more than one anticancer drug.
The way the chemotherapy is given will depend on the subtype of the cancer being treated and whether it has spread to the brain and spinal cord.
Radiation Therapy for Adult AML Treatment
Radiation therapy is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or other types of radiation to kill cancer cells. There are two types of radiation therapy: external radiation and internal radiation.
External radiation therapy uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancer. Internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are placed directly into or near the cancer. The way the radiation therapy is given will depend on the type and stage of the cancer that is being treated.